Used mainly to clean and disinfect toilets and sinks, basic household chlorine bleach is very cheap, easy to obtain and it kills almost all known germs and most viruses, including coronavirus. Basic household bleach (not perfumed or thick bleach etc) can be diluted and used to make a powerful spray/surface disinfectant. It can also be used to make an antiseptic wound wash known as Dakin’s Solution. Below you will find the widely used ratios and ingredients for both solutions.
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How To Make A Disinfectant Bleach Solution
- Bleach emits toxic fumes. Mix the solution outdoors or in a well-ventilated space.
- Never mix bleach with ammonia, alcohol, vinegar or other acids as doing this can create toxic gases that can be fatal.
- Wear rubber gloves and avoid getting bleach on your skin or clothes.
Bleach Disinfectant Recipe
- Clorox or similar household bleach (Sodium hypochlorite solution 5.25%). Don’t use thick or scented bleach.
- Tap water
- A mixing/measuring jug
- An old thoroughly rinsed out plastic spray bottle
How To Make Bleach Disinfectant Spray
The bleach to water ratio is 1:10. That’s 1 part bleach for 10 parts water.
Coronavirus: The CDC state that 5 tablespoons (1/3rd cup) bleach per gallon of water or 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water is effective against coronavirus.
- Measure out the amount of water required.
- Measure out the amount of bleach needed (1:10 ratio based on the amount of water).
- Add the water and bleach to the mixing jug and carefully mix.
- Carefully pour the mixed solution into a plastic spray bottle and use to disinfect surfaces as required. Be sure to label the bottle as bleach disinfectant!
There is some debate as to how long this disinfectant solution remains effective as it loses disinfectant power quickly when exposed to heat and sunlight. With this in mind, it seems sensible to make small batches daily and discard any leftover.
How To Make Antiseptic Wound Wash (Dakin’s Solution)
This homemade antiseptic is known as Dakin’s solution (also known as Dakin’s fluid & Carrel–Dakin fluid) and it was developed by an English chemist, Henry Drysdale Dakin and French surgeon, Alexis Carrel, it was first used in the First World War to treat soldier wounds and fight infection. The Dakin’s solution recipe is made up of Clorox or similar chlorine bleach, baking soda and water, that’s it…
Dakin’s Solution Recipe
You will need:
- Clorox or similar household bleach (Sodium hypochlorite solution 5.25%). Don’t use thick or scented bleach
- Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)
- Tap water
- Cleaned/sterilized pan with lid, measuring cup and spoon, jar with a lid.
How To Make Dakin’s Solution
- Wash your hands
- Measure out 32 ounces (4 cups) of tap water. Pour into the clean pan.
- Boil water for 15 minutes with the lid on the pan. Remove from heat.
- Using the sterile measuring spoon, add ½ teaspoonful of baking soda to the boiled water.
- You can make the solution in one of four strengths. Measure bleach according to the chart and add to the water also:
- For full strength – add 3 oz. bleach or 95 ml.
- For 1/2 strength – add 3 tbls. + 1/2 tsp. or 48 ml
- For 1/4 strength – add 1 tbls. +2 tsp. or 24 ml.
- For 1/8 strength – add 2 1/2 tsp. or 12-14 ml.
- Pour the solution into the sterile jar and put the lid on.
- Make sure you clearly label the jar as Dakin’s solution, also including the strength of solution and date of expiry
- Cover the jar with aluminium foil or store it somewhere dark, to protect it from light.
After opening the jar, throw away the remaining solution after 48 hours. An unopened jar can be stored for around a month if it is not opened, providing it is stored in the dark.